Computer Fraud and Security – Gamification as a Winning Strategy

In this “game of protection’ to balance defensive and offensive security techniques, now is the time for CISOs and business leaders to reach for a new cyber security manual – one that leverages gamification.

Cyber Ranges and How They Improve Security Training

WHAT ARE CYBER RANGES?

Cyber ranges were initially developed for government entities looking to better train their workforce with new skills and techniques. Cyber range providers like us deliver representations of actual networks, systems, and tools for novice and seasoned cyber professionals to safely train in virtual, secure environments without compromising the safety of their own network infrastructure. Today, cyber ranges are used in the cybersecurity industry to effectively train the cyber workforce across companies and organizations for stronger cyber defense against cyber attacks. As technology advances, cyber range training advances in scope and potential.

To learn more about Circadence’s cyber range offering, visit https://www.circadence.com/solutions/topic/cyber-ranges/.

The National Initiative for Cybersecurity Education reports cyber ranges provide:

  • Performance-based learning and assessment
  • A simulated environment where teams can work together to improve teamwork and team capabilities
  • Real-time feedback
  • Simulate on-the-job experience
  • An environment where new ideas can be tested and teams and work to solve complex cyber problems

In order to upskill cybersecurity professionals, commercial, academic, and government institutions have to gracefully fuse the technicalities of the field with the strategic thinking and problem-solving “soft skills” required to defeat sophisticated attacks.

Currently, cyber ranges come in two forms: Bare environments without pre-programmed content; or prescriptive content that may or may not be relevant to a user’s industry. Either cyber range type limits the learner’s ability to develop many skill sets, not just what their work role requires.

UNDERSTANDING CYBER RANGES IN A BOX (OR CYRAAS, as we call it.)

Cyber ranges in a box is a collection of virtual machines hosted on an on-premise or cloud-based environment. Now, don’t let the name “in a box” fool you, at Circadence, you can’t purchase our cyber range solution on its own. To your cyber learning benefit, Circadence offers a cyber-range-as-a-service [CyRaas] solution embedded within the Project Ares cyber learning platform for optimized training and skill building at scale. When you purchase Project Ares, CyRaaS is included. It provides all-encompassing tools and technologies to help professionals achieve the best cybersecurity training available. Our service offers industry-relevant content to help trainees practice offense and defense activities in emulated networks. Cyber ranges also allow learners to use their own tools within emulated network traffic to reflect the real-world feeling of an actual cyberattack. In “training as you would fight,” learners will have a better understanding of how to address cyber threats when the real-life scenario hits.

With advances in Artificial Intelligence (AI), we know cyber ranges can now support such technology. In the case of our own Project Ares, we are able to leverage AI and machine learning to gather user data and activity happening in the platform. As more users play Project Ares, patterns in the data reveal commonalities and anomalies of how missions are completed with minimal human intervention. Those patterns are used to inform the recommendations of an in-game advisor with chat bot functionality so players can receive help on certain cyber range training activities or levels. Further, layering AI and machine learning gives security  professionals better predictive capabilities and, according to Microsoft, even  “improve the efficacy of cybersecurity, the detection of hackers, and even prevent attacks before they occur.”

To learn how cyber ranges are being used to improve cyber learning for students (and how it can be applied to your organization or company,
DOWNLOAD OUR “LEARN BY DOING ON CYBER RANGES” INFOGRAPHIC.

GAMIFIED CYBER RANGES

With many studies touting the benefits of gamification in learning, it only makes sense that cyber ranges come equipped with a gamified element. Project Ares has a series of mini-games, battle rooms, and missions that help engage users in task completion—all while learning new techniques and strategies for defeating modern-day attacks. The mini-games help explain cyber technical and/or operational fundamentals with the goal of providing fun and instructional ways to learn a new concept or stay current on perishable skills. The battle rooms are environments used for training and assessing an individual on a set of specific tasks based on current offensive and defensive tactics, techniques and procedures. The missions are used for training and assessing an individual or team on their practical application of knowledge, skills and abilities in order to solve a given cybersecurity problem set, each with its own unique set of mission orders, rules of engagement and objectives.

CYBER RANGE SECURITY

There is a lot of sensitive data that can be housed in a cyber range, so system security is the final piece to comprising a cyber range. The cloud is quickly recognized as one of the most secure spaces to house network components (and physical infrastructure). To ensure the cyber ranges are operating quickly with the latest updates and to increase visibility of how users are engaging in the cyber ranges across the company, information security in the cloud is the latest and greatest approach for users training in test environments.

We are proud to have pioneered such a state-of-the-art cyber range in many of our platforms including (as mentioned above), Project Ares®, and CyRaaSTM. We hope this post helped you understand the true potential of cyber ranges and how they are evolving today to automate and augment the cyber workforce.

Close the Cybersecurity Workforce Gap with Apprenticeships, Internships, and Other Alternative Pathways

We’ve all heard by now that the cyber workforce gap has reached a level of desperation that puts all of us, and our country, at risk. It’s time we start moving the conversation away from the problem and towards innovative solutions.

To truly narrow this cyber workforce gap, it’s crucial to solicit the collaboration and support of the “golden trifecta” – academia, commercial industries, and government. And while educating and training high school and university students is important, this should not be our only focus; re-skilling and upskilling populations such as Veterans, minorities, career changers, women, persons with disabilities and learning differences, and others, have tremendous potential to both shrink the gap and contribute much needed diversity to the cyber workforce.

Recognizing National Cybersecurity Career Awareness Week (Nov. 12-17), we thought it prudent to share three tools that can help prepare the next generation of cybersecurity professionals to address ever-evolving threats and the aforementioned challenges.

Apprenticeships

Compared to other professions, cybersecurity apprenticeship programs are scarce.  Yet, there is hardly a better way for an organization to fill its pipeline with well-qualified cybersecurity talent than by building an apprenticeship model into existing recruiting strategies. By integrating an “earn while they learn” model, employers can leverage a unique opportunity to grow their own talented pool of cyber professionals who have the highly desired combination of hands-on skills and foundational, academic knowledge.

“This is absolutely fundamental, and a key plan in meeting the workforce needs. Our solution to the gap will be about skills and technical ability,” says Eric Iversen, VP of Learning & Communications, Start Engineering. “And the most successful of apprenticeship programs offer student benefits (e.g., real-world job skills, active income, mentorship, industry-recognized credentials, an inside track to full-time employment, etc.) and employer benefits (i.e., developed talent that matches specific needs and skill sets, reduced hiring costs and a high return on investment, low turnover rates and employee retention, etc.)”

These types of opportunities are especially beneficial for recruiting individuals who may be switching careers, may not have advanced degrees, or are looking to re-enter the field. The U.S. Department of Labor, provides guidance on starting apprenticeship programs.

Internships

The hardest part of being a young professional is finding that first career opportunity. However, that is a particular challenge for aspiring cyber professionals when just about every job posting they find asks for some level of relevant, industry experience. The problem is, not many organizations are willing to give it! For organizations looking to bring fresh ideas, perspectives and talent through the door, internship partnerships with local academic institutions can be a great workforce development tool. Many community colleges, technical colleges, and universities have well-oiled practices of connecting their students with local companies. In fact, it’s not uncommon for most students, both undergraduate and graduate, to be required to complete an internship in their field of study before graduation. Much like a successful apprenticeship program, a strategic internship program enables a situation where everyone involved, wins.

Alternative Pathways

While there are many models to be considered here, the following two are typically the most accessible and well-received for both students and employers.

  • “Stackable” Courses, Credits & Certificates: Simply put, “stackable” learning opportunities allow students to quickly build their knowledgebase and achieve industry-relevant experience that leads directly to employment. The idea here is two-fold.

a). High school students can enroll in college-level coursework and/or earn cybersecurity-focused certificates while completing their high school career.

b). College-level students can leave higher education for a job, and later return with credits that count toward the next certificate or degree.

This approach continues to gain traction as high school counselors and college administrators respond to the rapidly evolving nature of our economy.

  • Cyber Competitions & Hackathons: There is hardly a better vehicle for the practical application of one’s skillset than participating in a cyber competition or hackathon. These types of opportunities are becoming more and more common, and many times, cyber enthusiasts of all proficiency levels view cyber competitions and hackathons as the “latest and greatest” in extra-curricular activities. While numerous studies can be cited to support the significant traction cyber competitions and hackathons have gained, the fact is they’re changing the landscape in important ways. For example, cyber competitions and hackathons are often cited as positively impacting one’s exposure to the industry. Cyber competitions:
    • Support exposure to new and emerging technologies
    • Enable networking opportunities with like-minded folks
    • Offer environments for learners to demonstrate their abilities
    • Provide opportunity for new talent recruitment

Circadence is proud to lend its platform Project Ares® for many local and national cyber competitions including the cyberBUFFS, SoCal Cyber Cup, and Paranoia Challenge so students can engage in healthy competition and skill-building among peers. For more information on cyber competitions and hackathons, check out the Air Force Association’s CyberPatriot, Carnegie Mellon’s picoCTF, Major League Hacking, and the National Cyber League.

Closing the cyber workforce gap will take diversification in all sense of the word.

  • Diversity from supporting organizations, institutions, and companies.
  • Diversity in learning approaches and experiences.
  • Diversity in learners themselves.

Enterprise, government and academic institutions must pursue innovative and engaging ways new to attract underrepresented professionals to apprenticeships, internships and alternative pathways to add diversity to the cybersecurity workforce. And based on the current state of our cyber workforce, this suggestion is not just important, it is essential.

Many desired outcomes become a reality when we emphasize these efforts. It’s the unique perspectives, the inspired teamwork, the widened pool of well-qualified talent, the creativity and the “all-hands-on-desk” (see what we did there?) mentality that will help strengthen the cybersecurity industry not just for students, but for all agencies and businesses. Let’s embrace all of it!

Modernizing Cyber Ranges

Cyber ranges were initially developed for government entities looking to better train their workforce with new skills and techniques. Cyber ranges provide representations of actual networks, systems, and tools for novice and seasoned cyber professionals to safely train in virtual environments without compromising the safety and security of their own networks.

Today, cyber ranges are known to effectively train the cyber workforce across industries. As technology advances, ranges gain in their training scope and potential. The National Initiative for Cybersecurity Education reports cyber ranges provide:

  • Performance-based learning and assessment
  • A simulated environment where teams can work together to improve teamwork and team capabilities
  • Real-time feedback
  • Simulate on-the-job experience
  • An environment where new ideas can be tested and teams and work to solve complex cyber problems

In order to upskill cybersecurity professionals, commercial, academic, and government institutions have to gracefully fuse the technicalities of the field with the strategic thinking and problem-solving “soft skills” required to defeat sophisticated attacks. Cyber ranges can help do that.

Currently, cyber ranges come in two forms: Bare environments without pre-programmed content; or prescriptive content that may or may not be relevant to a user’s industry. Either form limits the learner’s ability to develop many skill sets, not just what their work role requires.

Six Components of Modern Cyber Ranges

Modern cyber ranges need realistic, industry-relevant content to help trainees practice offense and defense and governance activities in emulated networks. Further cyber ranges need to allow learners to use their own tools and emulated network traffic in order to expand the realism of the training exercise. By using tools in safe replicated networks, learners will have a better understanding of how to address a threat when the real-life scenario hits.

We also know that cybersecurity attacks require teams to combat them, not just one or two individuals. So, in addition to individual training, cyber ranges should also allow for team training and engagement for professionals to learn from one another and gain a bigger picture understanding of what it REALLY takes to stop evolving threats.

With advances in Artificial Intelligence (AI), we know cyber ranges can now support such technology. In the case of our own Project AresÒ, we are able to leverage AI and machine learning to gather user data and activity happening in the platform. As more users play Project Ares, patterns in the data reveal commonalities and anomalies of how missions are completed with minimal human intervention. Those patterns are used to inform the recommendations of an in-game advisor with “chat bot-esque” features available for users to contact if help is needed on a certain activity or level. Further, layering AI and machine learning gives cyber professionals better predictive capabilities and, according to Microsoft, even  “improve the efficacy of cybersecurity, the detection of hackers, and even prevent attacks before they occur.”

With many studies touting the benefits of gamification in learning, it only makes sense that modern ranges come equipped with a gamified element. Project Ares has a series of mini-games, battle rooms, and missions that help engage users in task completion—all while learning new techniques and strategies for defeating modern-day attacks. The mini-games help explain cyber technical and/or operational fundamentals with the goal of providing fun and instructional ways to learn a new concept or stay current on perishable skills. The battle rooms are environments used for training and assessing an individual on a set of specific tasks based on current offensive and defensive tactics, techniques and procedures. The missions are used for training and assessing an individual or team on their practical application of knowledge, skills and abilities in order to solve a given cybersecurity problem set, each with its own unique set of mission orders, rules of engagement and objectives.

There is a lot of sensitive data that can be housed in a cyber range so security is the final piece to comprising a modern cyber range. The cloud is quickly recognized as one of the most secure spaces to house network components (and physical infrastructure). To ensure the cyber ranges are operating quickly with the latest updates and to increase visibility of how users are engaging in the cyber ranges across the company, security in the cloud is the latest and greatest approach for users training in test environments.

There you have it. The next generation cyber range should have:

  • Industry-relevant content
  • Emulated network capabilities
  • Single and multi-player engagement
  • AI and machine learning
  • Gamification
  • Cloud-compatibility

We are proud to have pioneered such a next generation cyber range manifest in many of our platforms including (as mentioned above), Project Ares®, and CyRaaSTM. We hope this post helped you understand the true potential of cyber ranges and how they are evolving today to automate and augment the cyber workforce.