Distance Learning and Teaching for Cyber Security Programs

Distance Learning Today

Practically overnight distance learning has become the ‘new norm’ for academic institutions. Educators worldwide are figuring out what Emergency Remote Teaching (ERT) means for their specific courses and subject matter for summer term and likely fall term 2020. And while the immediate remote learning requirements for pandemic mitigation will eventually recede, there is a growing awareness that online and blended learning options in Higher Education curriculum will likely be a strategic part of the post-pandemic norm.

“Every faculty member is going to be delivering education online. Every student is going to be receiving education online. And the resistance to online education is going to go away as a practical matter,” James N. Bradley, chief information officer at Texas Trinity University, wrote in a LinkedIn post.

Job opportunities in the cyber security field

Let’s take a specific look at higher education programs for Information Technology and the related cyber security discipline. For starters, they can’t graduate students fast enough to fill the existing job openings in the cyber security field. Even before the pandemic, there was a well-documented talent gap between the growing number of open cyber security jobs and skilled applicants to fill them. In November 2019, ISC2 calculated that the cyber workforce would need to increase by more than 145% to fill gaps in talent across the U.S.  Cyberseek.org tracks this unique employment landscape and states that “the average cybersecurity role takes 20% longer to fill than other IT jobs in the U.S.” because employers struggle to find workers with cyber security-related skills.

The dynamics of this gap have probably gotten worse. Today’s stay-at-home world has cyber security vulnerability written all over it. Online activities have exploded with remote work access, distance learning, telemedicine, video conferencing, online shopping, gaming, media streaming, and more all happening at once….and creating a world of opportunity for threats to identity, systems and data. And, in the post-pandemic world that we are looking forward to, many of the new and unexpectedly ‘proven’ activities like distance learning and telemedicine will likely stay with us to some extent as part of the ‘new norm’.

The result is that behind the physical coronavirus crises is the shadow of a virtual cyber virus crisis. And it means that cyber security is quickly moving to the frontlines of mission-critical skillsets for healthcare, higher education, retail, and every employer that enabled work-from-home for the safety of their workforce. Now, more than ever, organizations and institutions need to stop thinking in terms of IF they are breached and start planning in terms of WHEN they are breached.

Does that sound ominous? It is! But buried in the dramatic shortage of cyber skills, is opportunity. Opportunity for STEM/IT focused students (high school and collegiate) to specialize in cyber security and find jobs upon graduation. And opportunity for higher education institutions to ramp up their cyber security program enrollment.

  • In March 2019, Cyber Crime Magazine reported that only 3% of U.S. Bachelor’s Degree graduates had a skill set in cyber security.
  • And in another 2019 report, Burning Tree Technologies learned that while federal data showed the number of postsecondary programs in key cyber security areas had increased 33%, the ratio of currently employed cyber security workers to job openings, had hardly budged since 2015. In other words, the pool of available talent has remained proportionally the same.

 

Developing the cyber security skills that employers are desperate for is a multi-faceted challenge. Employers want to bring in new hires who have both a strong foundation in basic security principles and concepts as well as practical job role specific skills like networking protocols, scripting, regular expressions, kill chain and network defense, etc. And maybe most importantly, employers categorize top talent as those applicants with power skills like strategic thinking, problem-solving, teamwork and collaboration.

Distance learning and the IT / cyber security discipline

At Circadence, we specialize in cyber security learning, specifically through an immersive learning platform that provides hands-on experience and strategic thinking activities for students working towards careers in the field of cyber security.

Today’s educators are looking for engaging student activities that teach designated core curriculum topics to meet learning objectives. And, it is equally critical to assess student comprehension of learned material and measure progress to ensure the effectiveness of the curriculum and teaching approach. These challenges can be met head-on with Circadence’s Project Ares in the online classroom. Project Ares is a browser-based learning platform specifically designed for teaching cyber security in a hands-on, applied manner.

It can help transform existing cyber security curriculum to support current distance learning challenges as well as integrate into future course design.

For cyber security instructors:

•     The built-in learning exercises can augment existing syllabi.

•     Anytime access enables flexible asynchronous delivery to support current circumstances for instructors and students.

•     Self-directed student learning opportunities are supported through hints, Q&A chat bot, and session playback and review.

•     Optional live observation or interaction within the exercises supports tutoring as well as assessment.

•     Immersive, gamified environment sustains student engagement with scores and leaderboards to incent practice and improvement.

•     Global chat enables peer-to-peer community and support for students.

Additional Distance Learning & Teaching Resources

As higher education instructors shift to deliver, proctor and advise online, we anticipate teaching strategies continuing to adapt to use new and immersive tools that enable alternative online courses to positively impact student learning now and into the future. Circadence is excited to be a part of this shift in learning and proud to partner with today’s cyber security educators that prepares tomorrow’s much-needed workforce of cyber defenders.

For more information, check out these resources:

•     Microsoft technology helps enable remote classrooms https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/education/remote-learning?&ef_id=EAIaIQobChMIjrP4qvSQ6QIVlxatBh347wMJEAAYASAAEgL-VvD_BwE:G:s&OCID=AID2000043_SEM_6M11V6Kq&utm_source=google&gclid=EAIaIQobChMIjrP4qvSQ6QIVlxatBh347wMJEAAYASAAEgL-VvD_BwE

•     Circadence White Paper Teaching Cyber Security Remotely: Online Learning with Project Ares https://marketing.circadence.com/acton/media/36273/whitepaper-rise-of-distance-e-learning-in-higher-education

•     Project Ares Curriculum Example. Building an Immersive Cyber Curriculum with Project Ares: A use case from a public research institution in the Western U.S. https://marketing.circadence.com/acton/media/36273/immersive-cyber-curriculum-with-project-ares-use-case  

•     Cyberdegrees.org provides a comprehensive directory of colleges and universities offering cyber security degrees, as well as a wealth of information on career paths within the cyber security field, security clearances, the range of professional security certifications available.

If there is one thing that this pandemic has taught us all, is that out of chaos arises opportunity: Opportunity to be better professionals, better neighbors, better defenders, and overall, better people. We hope each of you continues to stay safe and secure during this time.

 

Photo by Avel Chuklanov on Unsplash

Why Cyber Risk Mitigation is a Priority for Finance Leaders

The role of the CFO is evolving. Whether at a bank or credit union, today’s finance leaders wear many hats. One of which is a cyber security ‘hat’. Constant breaches within financial institutions warrant such a ‘wardrobe’. Insider threats are growing, outside adversaries are multiplying at rapid pace, and attacks on financial departments and companies are ever-increasing. Unfortunately, classic security controls like firewalls and antivirus are easily compromised as attackers become more sophisticated.

As threats increase, risks to businesses increase—and for CFOs and VPs of Finance, defining an adequate budget to account for those cyber risks and allocating proper resources is of the utmost importance to protect companies and its clients. Finance leaders are no longer siloed to reviewing financial statements and spreadsheets—their role extends far beyond the numbers to include cyber security.

Some CFOs may not be comfortable with this change but the reality of cyber security today mandates involvement from the CFO/VP of Finance to develop a cyber readiness strategy. Why are finance leaders critical to the cyber security conversation? Because many CFOs need to address and mitigate the business risk concerns of the C-suite , board , and investors (not to mention continuing to improve the ‘financial health’ of the company).

Any sort of digital compromise to a financial services company, results in damaging monetary and reputational outcomes that directly impact the financial function of the organization.

Hence why cyber risk mitigation is and should continue to be a critical priority for CFOs today. And for many, it already is: According to a 2019 study from Protiviti, 84% of global CFOs and VPs of Finance cited security and data privacy as a high priority[1] for them. Many CFOs are already taking the reins of the cyber security challenges to get ahead of looming risks and imminent vulnerabilities. How? By taking a more active role in defining cyber security strategy in a way that effectively hardens posture while ensuring company growth.

As such, the typical CFO responsibilities listed below, are only a part of many to come:

  1. identifying and monitoring risks of critical assets to protect company/client data
  2. ensuring critical infrastructure operations meet regulatory requirements
  3. contributing to the optimization of digital asset access and utilization to safeguard against attackers

That third responsibility may seem a tad ‘out of the norm’ for a CFO. Typically a CIO or CISO might be in charge of that objective. But as more financial services companies respond to digital transformation demands, data becomes a critical asset to protect. Much of that data “lives” on the devices that company employees use every day. CFOs should have a general awareness of who has access to what, where, and when and be aware of the policies in place that enforce security at all levels.

Since data is a valuable company asset, the CFO’s responsibility to ensure the financial ‘health’ of the company becomes much more complex as cyber security asset and risk management becomes a top priority. Security Boulevard writes “A modern CFO will have an excellent grasp on how an organization manages cyber security and will be able to ask the right questions.”[2] We agree!

For CFOs to make cyber security a priority, they are having to work across many lines of business within their organizations to contribute to the construction of a holistic cyber security program that has full buy-in from all employees (leadership/C-Suite included).

Learn how to prioritize risk mitigation in your financial services company.

Further, CFOs bring a unique perspective to the ‘building a culture of cyber security’ conversations as they are extremely committed to helping the company grow. While CFOs may not be cyber security experts, they do have a unique take on how and what solutions to invest in that will maximize the potential for company growth over time.

By working hand-in-hand across departments like IT and legal, CFOs and finance leaders can develop a holistic cyber security plan that goes beyond merely ‘evaluating cyber insurance coverage’. A huge part of strategic cyber planning includes understanding what current companies are doing to mitigate cyber risk. Foundational elements need to be established first.

While cyber insurance is a good start, other measures need to be taken to ensure that companies are not just reacting when threats occur, but instead, are taking proactive measures to get ahead of threats before they hit. A proactive approach should also include the adoption of a persistent cyber security training program to support frontline defenders who are doing the day-to-day defense against ambitious yet malicious adversaries.

With the right cyber security training in place, teams can be assessed on their abilities to identify and mitigate risks before they happen, while supervisors (e.g. CISOs) can glean insight into how teams are responding and areas for improvement. This intel can translate upward to the CFO who will need to know the risks associated with gaps in cyber security response.

 

Check out our webinar:
Great Dance Partners: How Cyber Security and Risk Mitigation Go Hand-in-Hand.

[1] https://www.cfodive.com/news/cybersecurity-is-latest-cfo-domain-study-finds/567056/

[2] https://securityboulevard.com/2019/08/is-it-critical-for-cfos-to-understand-cybersecurity-2/

Photo by Carlos Muza on Unsplash

Things to do at RSA 2020 

This year’s RSA Conference is sure to be chockfull of exciting innovations, new technology, and swag galore. As much as we love the excitement of being on the expo floor, it’s always a good idea to take time to explore the conference, meet new people, and unwind with a few good colleagues or newfound friendsThis list of networking gatherings and affiliate events will help you make the most out of your RSA experience! 

 

Events through RSA: 

  • 2/25 6:00 pm to 8:00 pmCyBeer Ops Networking Reception – Craft beer tasting event that doubles as a great networking opportunity.
     
  • 2/27 6:00 pm to 9:00 pm: RSAC After Hours – Enjoy food, drinks, and dancing to a live 80’s cover band.
     
  • 2/25 5:00 pm to 7:00 pm: RSAC Women’s Networking Reception – Relaxed networking event celebrating women’s contributions to science and technology.
     
  • 2/24 5:00 pm to 7:00 pm: Welcome Reception – Kick off the conference with drinks and apps while previewing cyber solutions from over 700 exhibitors.
     
  • Multiple dates and times, registration required: RSAC Engagement Zone – Engage, network, and make personal connections with others who share your interests through Braindate, Birds of a Feather, Cooperative Learning roundtables, and more.
     
  • Multiple dates and times: RSAC Sandbox – Show off your cyber skills through hands-on experiences and mingle with peers at this engaging event.
     
  • 2/26 4:30 pm to 6:00 pm: Expo Pub Crawl – Enjoy complimentary beer, wine, and non-alcoholic beverages while visiting sponsor’s booths and learning about their latest innovations to support your business. 

 

Affiliate events: 

  • 2/24 7:00 pm to 10:00 pm: CYBERTACOS at RSAC – Talk over tacos with members of the local cybersecurity and broader IT community.
     
  • 2/24 7:00pm to 10:00 pm: Ignite – With live music, snacks, cocktails, and dancing, this is THE place to be Monday night.
     
  • 2/25 5:00 pm to 9:00 pmOptiv After Party – Thirsty Bear Organic Brewing Company will have great beer on tap while you network the night away. 
  • 2/25 6:00 pm, registration requiredVMware Carbon Black Networking Reception – This exclusive happy hour at the W San Francisco is sure to be the event you need to kick off your RSA experience just right. Register now as space is limited.
     
  • 2/25 6:00 pm to 9:00 pm: Non-Profits on the Loose – Meet and mingle with industry, policy, and government leaders in security and privacy at this soirée.
     
  • 2/26 11:30 am to 1:00 pm: Meet & Greet at RSA Conference 2020  Join the Executive Women’s Forum and meet the most amazing women at the RSA Conference.
     
  • 2/26 5:30 pm to 8:30 pmICMP Networking Social RSA 2020  – Network with members, friends, and guests of the International Consortium of Minority Cybersecurity Professionals.
     
  • 2/26 6:30 pm to 9:30 pmArctic Wolf Happy Hour – Sips and savors at TRES Tequila Lounge and Mexican Kitchen is the perfect mid-week way to unwind.
     

Stay up to date on any additional affiliate events as they get added by checking out this calendar provided by the conference, and be sure to swing by our booth #6480 to see what we’ve been working on and add to your swag collection

To get a sneak peek at our latest cyber training platform, inCyt and be sure to register for our webinar, inCyt: Inside the Human Element of Cyber. We can’t wait to see you at the conference and have some fun! 

New Year, New Threats: Top Cyber Threats Anticipated to Hit Big in 2020 for Enterprise Companies

As we enter the New Year, one thing is certain: cyber attacks aren’t going anywhere. Enterprise companies have been tasked with defending their networks from unyielding cyber crooks who want a piece of the pie for themselves. What’s on the horizon for enterprise security threats in 2020? We’ve got a few predictions.

  • DeepFakes

    Deep Fake technology can create fake but incredibly realistic images, text, and videos. Computers can rapidly process numerous facial biometrics, and mathematically build or classify human features, to mimic a person or group of individuals for public manipulation. Bloomberg reports the tech is becoming so sophisticated, detecting a DeepFake video from a real one, is getting harder and harder to differentiate for viewers.

    While the technical benefits are impressive, underlying flaws inherent in all types of Deep Fake models represent a rapidly growing security weakness, which cyber criminals will exploit. It will be critical for businesses to understand the security risks presented by facial recognition and other biometric systems and educate themselves on the risks as well as hardening systems that require/use facial recognition.

  • API and Cloud vulnerabilities 

    An application programming interface (API) is an interface or communication protocol between different parts of a computer program intended to simplify the implementation and maintenance of software. APIs are an essential tool in cloud environments, acting as a service gateway to enable direct and indirect cloud software and infrastructure services to cloud users.

    A recent study showed more than three in four organizations treat API security differently than web app security, indicating API security readiness lags behind other aspects of application security. The study also reported that more than two-thirds of organizations expose APIs to the public to enable partners and external developers to tap into their software platforms and app ecosystems. Threat actors are following the growing number of organizations using API-enabled apps because APIs continue to be an easy – and vulnerable – means to access a treasure trove of sensitive data. Despite the fallout of large-scale breaches and ongoing threats, APIs often still reside outside of the application security infrastructure and are ignored by security processes and teams.

  • 5G Threats

    With the rollout of 5G continuing in 2020, we will see an increase in the volume and speed of data theft. The AT&T Cybersecurity Insights Report: Security at the Speed of 5G, shows that larger enterprises are not prepared for the security implications of 5G. The top cyber security concerns that came back in this report were:

  • Larger attack surface due to the massive increase in connectivity
  • Greater number of devices accessing the network
  • The extension of security policies
  • Authentication of a larger number and wider variety of devices.

As more 5G devices enter the network, organizations must prepare for the onslaught of added security threats.

  • Ransomware attacks evolve

    Ah, ransomware, seemingly every hacker’s favorite extortion tool. According to McAfee Labs 2020 Threat Prediction Report, the increase of targeted ransomware has created a growing demand for compromised company networks. This demand is met by criminals who specialize in penetrating company networks and sell complete network access in one go.

“I expect that the ransomware used will continue to become more advanced. I am concerned that some threats have just become more stealthy, or are working toward that, and that readily available ransomware will enable even novice criminals to maintain stealth. Organizations are spending more resources to defend against ransomware, which might drive out a few of the lesser players, but any organization with resources will still see ransomware attacks happen as a fast and easy way for financial gain, so hackers will continue to pursue advancements.” ~ Karl Gosset, VP of Content Development at Circadence

It’s clear that the threat landscape will continue to grow and become more sophisticated in the coming year, which means it’s time for businesses to step up their security game.

Circadence believes that the best way to do this is through cyber learning games themselves! Our flagship product, Project Ares, delivers real-world attack scenarios in a safe, online range environment and allows users to practice and hone their cyber skills through the use of games. With missions specific to enterprise threats, such as Operation Crimson Wolf and Operation Desert Whale, Project Ares will ready your organization for any looming threats like these. By using a gamified cyber learning platform like this for your security teams in 2020, you can readily pop some champagne and dance the night away, knowing your enterprise is better protected in the new year.

Photo by Robynne Hu on Unsplash

Photo by Bud Helisson on Unsplash

Living our Mission: Project Ares Takes Full Flight with Cloud-Native Architecture

According to CIO magazine, about 96% of organizations use cloud services in one way or another. In partnership with Microsoft, we are proud to announce that Circadence has redesigned its Project Ares cyber learning platform to fully leverage a cloud-native design on Microsoft Azure.  This new, flexible architecture improves cyber training to be even more customized, scalable, accessible, and relevant for today’s professionals.

This transition to cloud infrastructure will yield immediate impacts to our current customers.

  • Increased speeds to launch cyber learning battle rooms and missions
  • Greater ability to onboard more trainees to the system from virtually any location
  • More access to cyber training content that suits their security needs and professional development interests

Proven success at Microsoft Ignite

At the recent Microsoft Ignite conference (November 2019), more than 500 security professionals had the opportunity to use the enhanced platform.  Conference participants set up CyberBridge accounts and then played customized battle rooms in Project Ares. Microsoft cloud-based Azure security solutions were integrated into the cloud-based cyber range to provide an immersive “cloud-in-cloud” sandboxed learning experience that realistically aligned to phases of a ransomware attack.  The new version of Project Ares sustained weeklong intensive usage while delivering on performance. 

So what’s new in the new and improved Project Ares?

Curriculum Access Controls for Tailored Cyber Learning

One of the biggest enhancements for Project Ares clients is that they can now control permissions for  training exercises and solution access at the user level. Customer Administrators will use the new CyberBridge management portal to tailor access to Circadence training exercises for individual users or groups of users.

Single-sign-on through CyberBridge enables the alignment of training exercises to individuals based on their unique learning requirements including:

  • Cyber skill-building exercises and complex missions within Project Ares for cyber professionals
  • Cyber foundation learning with Cyber Essentials tools for the IT team
  • Security awareness training with inCyt for general staff

Cyber Essential learning tools and the inCyt game for security awareness will be added to CyberBridge over the next several months. With the capability to pre-select training activities reflective of a company’s overall security strategy, enterprise security managers can call the shots.

“As the administrator, you now choose what curriculum content your team should have. “This provides more flexibility in cyber training for our customers in terms of what they can expose to their teams.” ~ Rajani Kutty, Senior Product Manager for CyberBridge at Circadence.

Greater Scalability and Performance in Cyber Training

With a cloud-native architecture design, Project Ares can support more simultaneous users on the platform than ever before. Project Ares can now handle over 1,000 concurrent users, a significant improvement over historical capacity of 200-250 concurrent users on the platform.  The combination of  content access control at the group or individual level and the increased scalability of Project Ares creates a solution that effectively spins up cyber ranges with built-in learning exercises for teams and enterprises of any size.  Additionally, this means that no matter where a cyber learner is geographically, they can log on to Project Ares and access training quickly. We see this as similar to the scalability and accessibility of any large global content provider (e.g. Netflix)—in that users who have accounts can log in virtually anywhere in the world at multiple times and access their accounts.

Now that Project Ares can support a greater volume of users on the platform, activities like hosting cyber competitions and events for experts and aspiring security professionals can be done on-demand and at scale.

“We can train more people in cyber than ever before and that is so impactful when we remember the industry’s challenges in workforce gaps and skills deficiencies.” ~ Paul Ellis, Project Ares Senior Product Manager at Circadence

The previous design of Project Ares required placing users in “enclaves” or groups when they signed on to the system to ensure the content within could be loaded quickly without delay. Now, everyone can sign in at any time and have access to learning without loading delays. It doesn’t even matter if multiple people are accessing the same mission or battle room at the same time. Their individual experience loading and playing the exercise won’t be compromised because of increased user activity.

Other performance improvements made to this version of Project Ares include:

  • Quicker download speeds of cyber exercises
  • Use of less memory on user’s computers, and resulting longer battery life for users, thanks to lower CPU utilization.
  • These behind-the-scenes improvements mean that training can happen quicker and learning, faster.

New Cyber Training Content

One new Mission and three new Battle Rooms will be deployed throughout the next few months on this new version of Project Ares.

  • Mission 15, Operation Raging Mammoth, showcases how to protect against an Election attack
  • Battle Rooms 19 and 20 feature Splunk Enterprise installation, configuration, and fundamentals
  • Battle Room 21 teaches Powershell cmdlet (pronounced command-lets) basics

Mission 15 has been developed from many discussions about 2020 election security given past reports of Russian hacktivist groups interfering with the 2016 U.S. election.  In Operation Raging Mammoth, users are tasked to monitor voting-related systems. In order to identify anomalies, players must first establish a baseline of normal activity and configurations. Any changes to administrator access or attempt to modify voter registration information must be quickly detected and reported to authorities. Like all Project Ares Missions, the exercise aligns with NIST/NICE work roles, specifically Cyber Defense Analyst, Cyber Defense Incident Responder, Threat/Warning analyst.

Battle Rooms 19 and 20 focuses on using Splunk software to assist IT and security teams to get the most out of their security tools by enabling log aggregation of event data from across an environment into a single repository of critical security insights. Teaching cyber pros how to configure and use this tool helps them identify issues faster so they can resolve them more efficiently to stop threats and attacks.

Battle Room 21 teaches cmdlet lightweight commands used in PowerShell.  PowerShell is a command-line (CLI) scripting language developed by Microsoft to simplify automation and configuration management, consisting of a command-line shell and associated scripting language. With PowerShell, network analysts can obtain all the information they need to solve problems they detect in an environment. Microsoft notes that PowerShell also makes learning other programming languages like C# easier.

Embracing Cloud Capabilities for Continual Cyber Training

Circadence embraces all the capabilities the cloud provides and is pleased to launch the latest version of Project Ares that furthers our vision to provide sustainable, scalable, adaptable cyber training and learning opportunities to professionals so they can combat evolving threats in their workplace and in their personal lives.

As this upward trend in cloud utilization becomes ever-more prevalent, security teams of all sizes need to adapt their strategies to acknowledge the adoption of the cloud and train persistently in Project Ares. You can bet that as more people convene in the cloud, malicious hackers are not far behind them, looking for ways to exploit it. By continually innovating in Project Ares, we hope professionals all over the globe can better manage their networks in the cloud and protect them from attackers.

Rethinking cyber learning—consider gamification

This post originally appeared on Microsoft’s Security Blog, authored by Mark McIntyre, Executive Security Advisor, Enterprise Cybersecurity Group

Living our Mission Blog Series: How Tony Hammerling, Curriculum Developer, Orchestrates a Symphony of Cyber Learning at Circadence

Circadence’s Curriculum Developer Tony Hammerling wasn’t always interested in a career in cyber—but he was certainly made for it. In fact, he initially wanted to be a musician! While his musical talents didn’t pan out for him early in his career, he quickly learned how to create unique harmonies using computers instead of instruments…After joining the Navy in 1995 as a Cryptologist and Morse Code operator, he transitioned to a Cryptologic Technician Networks professional where he performed network analysis and social network/persona analysis. It was there he learned more offensive and defensive strategies pertinent to cyber security and was introduced to network types and communication patterns. He moved to Maryland to do offensive analysis and then retired in Pensacola, Florida. The world of cyber grew on Tony and he enjoyed the digital accompaniment of the work it offered.

For the last few years, now settled in Pensacola, Florida, Tony is a critical part of Circadence’s Curriculum Team, working alongside colleagues to develop learning objectives and routes for players using platforms like inCyt, Project Ares, and other cyber games like NexAgent, Circadence’s immersive network exploration game. Currently, Tony and his team are focused on building out learning of network essentials in NexAgent, and “…are bridging the gap between what new IT professional’s learn in NexAgent and getting them onto more advanced learning pathways in Project Ares,” says Tony.

“We’re starting to introduce new content for [Project Ares] battle rooms so users coming out of NexAgent can have an understanding of the tools and techniques needed for more advanced learning of cyber defense—and actually apply those tools and techniques in realistic scenarios.”

As the technical subject matter expert for cyber curriculum, Tony digs into the details with his work—and that’s where he shines. Tony and his team ensure that user learning is reflective of today’s cyber attacks and vulnerabilities. In the next iteration of NexAgent, users will be able to focus on network segmentation using election security as the theme for game-play. From separating election polling servers to working with registration databases to designing networks to prevent election fraud, learning becomes much more interesting for the end-user.

The most exciting part about Tony’s job is the diversity of material he gets to work on every day. One day he could be helping end-users of Project Ares identify fraudulent IP addresses in a battle room and another day he could be working on a full-scale technical design of a SCADA system modeled after a cyber incident at a Ukrainian power plant.

By understanding corporate demands for new content, Tony and his team have more direction to build out cyber learning curriculum that aligns to customer’s needs. He believes the technical training he’s able to support with learning material in Circadence’s platforms complements traditional cyber learning paths like obtaining certifications and attending off-site classes. The variety of learning options for users of all cyber ability levels (both technical and non-technical), gives professionals the opportunity to be more thoughtful in their day-to-day lives, more critical and discerning of vulnerabilities and systems, and more creative in how they address threats.

“Knowing that people are able to come into a Circadence product and learn something that they didn’t know before or refine specific knowledge into an application/skill-based path is exciting. I don’t think too much of the greater impact my work provides—but perhaps 10 years down the line when we can say ‘we were the first to gamify and scale cyber training,’ it will mean so much more.”

We are grateful for the unique talents Tony brings to the Circadence family of products and how he’s able to craft learning “chords” that when orchestrated, provide a symphonic concerto of cyber learning activity—empowering cyber professionals across the globe with relevant, persistent, and scalable cyber training options to suit their security needs.

Photo by Marius Masalar on Unsplash

Photo by Alphacolor on Unsplash

 

8 Tips to Keep Your Small Business Cyber Safe this Holiday Season

The holiday season is a time of giving, however, for hackers it can be a time of swindling. We are all susceptible to cyberattacks, but small businesses can hurt the most from the fall out. With limited staff numbers, small IT departments (if any at all), and no money allocated toward remediation, it is of the utmost importance to protect your small business, especially over the holidays. So, what can you do to protect yourself?

  1. Understand your vulnerability by industry – While every industry can be targeted by scammers, there are some more at risk than others. Specifically, retail, automotive, manufacturing, and financial. Not only do these industries process a lot of sensitive data and large quantities of money, but they also use automated process and many interconnected devices which are vulnerable to cyber attacks. Assessing your risk is the first step in preventing it.
  2. Adopt a cyber security policy – Whether you’re a sole proprietor or a company with 5,000 employees, cyber criminals are targeting your business. Smaller businesses may not have controls, processes, or policies in place for cyber security defense and offense. There are several options for securing a comprehensive cyber security plan such as a managed service provider (MSP), a systems integrator or security system provider, or a cyber security consultant. Take the time to put together a comprehensive policy for your employees to learn and reference.
  3. Educate employees on cyber risks and prevention – It won’t do you any good to adopt a cyber policy if you don’t train your employees on risk awareness and staying safe online while working. Ensure you utilize persistent, hands-on learning, such as a cyber range, to keep employees abreast of the latest threats while building confidence in their abilities to recognize threats and suspicious activity.
  4. Beware of popular scam tactics used against small businesses – From overpayment scams to phishing emails, hackers will try just about anything to get to your money and sensitive information. Be wary of anything that looks or sounds suspicious such as calls from unknown persons, pop-ups, and unfamiliar websites, only open emails from trusted sources, and NEVER give your credit card or personal information to anyone you don’t know whether over the phone, by email, or in person.
  5. Secure WiFi Networks – These days all businesses require WiFi to operate, so you need to ensure your network is safe. Hide your network, which you can do by googling instructions or working with your internet provider, so that your router does not broadcast the network name (or SSID) and ensure that a password is required for access. Be sure you change the administrative password that was on the device when first purchased as well to a complex password only you will remember. Setting up a private network for employees and offering a guest network to customers is a great way to keep customers happy while ensuring your cyber safety.
  6. Make backup copies of important information – Regularly back up data on every computer used in your business including documents, spreadsheets, financial and personnel files, and more. You can do this through many channels from uploading files to an external hardrive, USB, the cloud, or using a paid data storage site.
  7. Install and update antivirus software – Every device you use for your business needs to be protected with antivirus, antispyware, and antimalware software. You will need to purchase this software either online or from a retail store and will need to assess your specific needs based on a variety of factors, such as the type of operating system you use (mac or PC) and your budget. Here is a handy guide for things to consider before purchasing antivirus software. Be sure you install and update antivirus software regularly to ensure the newest and best iteration is at work protecting your sensitive information.
  8. Install a VPN – A virtual private network (VPN) is a software that enables a mobile device to connect to another secure network via the internet and send and receive data safely. If you regularly use your smartphone to access secure information for your small business, it can be technology that is well worth investing in. Setting up a VPN is a simple task but depends on what operating system you use. Check out this great article that guides you through VPN set up for various systems.

By following these tips and tricks, you can ensure that your business stays protected and profitable. Cyber security is an ever-changing field, and businesses must continually adapt to new attack methods and be able to defend themselves. Keep the latest in cyber training at your fingertips with Circadence’s inCyt security awareness game of strategy and if you have a small security team/IT professional, consider our flagship immersive, gamified cyber learning platform, Project Ares for advanced cyber training. We wish you a safe and happy holiday season!

Photo by Aryan Dhiman on Unsplash
Photo by You X Ventures on Unsplash

 

Operation Gratitude: 5 Reasons to Give Thanks for Cyber Security

With daily breaches impacting business operations and security, it’s easy to forget about the good ways that cyber security keeps us safe behind the scenes. This holiday season, we’re giving thanks to cyber security and all that it does to make our lives easier and more secure with what we’re calling Operation Gratitude (inspired by our Project Ares missions, uniquely titled “Operation Goatherd” or “Operation Desert Whale”). #OperationGratitude is a rally cry for security professionals and business leaders to remember the positive aspects of cyber security and share those positive thoughts with each other. Too often we live in fear from cyber attacks and persistent threats, and while, there is always cause for concern, we must remember how advances in the field have equally made aspects of our digital life easier. We’re thankful for these advances in cyber security:

  1. Two-factor authentication – This tool helps to keep you secure by requiring two different credentials before allowing you to gain access to sensitive information online. One example of this would be when you log in to check your bank statements and it prompts you to not only enter your username and password, but also to check your phone and enter a verification code that was texted to you. You will normally see this security precaution used when logging into an account from a new device. The great part about it is, it’s widely known and used by everyone from CISOs to high school kids.
  2. HTTP(S) – You’ve likely seen this appear when visiting a URL online, usually showing up just before the “www” and website name. Http means HyperText Transfer Protocol. HTTP is the underlying protocol used by the World Wide Web, which defines how messages are formatted and transmitted, and what actions web servers and browsers should take in response to various commands. The “S” is for security, and this little letter means that all communication between your browser and your website is encrypted for your protection. This means that sites utilizing https are prioritizing your safety while performing sensitive transactions online!
  3. Personal digital responsibility – These days the average consumer is more connected than ever. With our lives relying on smartphones, computers, tablets, and a multitude of IoT devices, we are entrenched in cyber every single day. This reliance requires us to practice personal digital responsibility, or often called digital citizenship—that is, the ability to participate safely, intelligently, productively, and responsibly in the digital world. Just because we are more connected does not necessarily mean that we are more aware of cyber risks, however, initiatives such as Cyber Security Awareness Month (in October) are helping to increase awareness by promoting cyber citizenship and education. Circadence is proud to contribute to the security awareness and digital responsibility effort with the soon-to-be-available inCyt, a security awareness game of strategy that helps bring cyber safe practices into the workplace and cultivates good cyber hygiene for all (and you don’t have to be a technical expert to use it).
  4. Corporate security awareness trainings – Given that 25% of all data breaches in the U.S in 2018 were due to carelessness or user error, it is critical for companies of all sizes to engage their employees in persistent cyber training. Thank goodness there is an increase in organizations such as the National Cyber Security Alliance (NCSA) that provide risk assessments and security training to organizations across the U.S.
  5. Increased security collaboration – With more than 4,000 ransomware attacks alone occurring daily, no one business can mitigate the increasing amount of cyber risks present in today’s threatscape. It is more important than ever for businesses to share knowledge from breaches they have experienced and stand together to fight cyber crime, which is exactly what they’re doing! Nowadays these partnerships are being formed not only to share information, but to conduct live fire cyber readiness exercises. One such initiative is DHS’s National Cybersecurity and Communications Integration Center(NCCIC) – a 24/7 cyber situational awareness, management and response center serving as a national nexus of cyber and communications integration for the federal government, intelligence community, and law enforcement. The NCCIC also shares information among public and private sector partners to build awareness of vulnerabilities, incidents, and mitigations.

So, as you prepare your Thanksgiving meal from recipes pulled up on your tablet, with holiday music playing from your smart phone, and timers set by Alexa to ensure the juiciest turkey and tastiest pies, remember to give thanks for cyber security. We certainly are!

 

Photo by Simon Maage on Unsplash
Photo by Pro Church Media on Unsplash

Living our Mission Blog Series: Supporting Cyber Red Teams, with Consultations and Pen Testing from Josiah Bryan

While Circadence is proud to be a pioneer that has developed innovative cyber learning products to strengthen readiness at all levels of business, there’s one professional area at Circadence that doesn’t tend to get the limelight, until now. Meet Josiah Bryan, principle Security Architect for Circadence’s security consultation services, aptly called Advanced Red Team Intrusion Capabilities (ARTIC for short). For almost two years, Josiah has provided support and services to Red Teams around the country, those leading-edge professionals who test and challenge the security readiness of a system by assuming adversarial roles and hacker points of view.

Josiah enjoys doing penetration testing and exploit development with Red Teams at a variety of companies to help them understand what a bad actor might try to do to compromise their security systems.

But Josiah wasn’t always on the offensive side of cyber security in his professional career. He was first introduced to the “blue team,” or the defensive side of cyber, when he began participating in Capture the Flag competitions across the U.S. during his time as a computer science student at Charleston Southern University. Those competitions also exposed him to the offensive side of security training and he never looked back.

After graduation, he took a job in San Diego with the U.S. Navy as a DoD civilian, finding vulnerabilities in critical infrastructure, which were then reported up to the Department of Homeland Security.

“Learning how the DoD operates internally and how they conduct penetration tests/security evaluations was an extremely valuable skill and great background for my current job at Circadence,” he says.

In addition to consulting with Red Teams, Josiah uses a variety of tools to show and tell companies about existing vulnerabilities. For example, badge scanners that let people gain access to a facility or room are quite common devices for Josiah and his team to test for customers. He might also use USB implants that provide full access to workstations and wireless signal identification devices.

“We show people how easy it is to get credentials off of someone’s badge and gain access to an area,” he says. “They never believe we will find vulnerabilities but when we do, they realize how much they need to do to improve their cyber readiness,” he adds.

But, ultimately Josiah’s favorite part of his job is the level of research and analysis he gets to do. “We are a research team, first,” he says. “We are pushing the boundaries in cybersecurity and discovering new ways that bad actors might take advantage of companies, before they actually do.  It’s a great feeling to help companies and Red Teams see the ‘light’ before the hackers get them,” he adds.

Whether circumventing a security measure or patching a system, Josiah’s contributions to the field are significant.

“Finding new ways to help people understand the importance of strong cyber hygiene is fulfilling,” he says. “We can’t stress it enough in today’s culture where attacks are so dynamic and hackers are always looking for ways to take advantage of companies.”

To stay on the cutting edge of Red Team support, Josiah follows Circadence’s philosophy to persistently learn new ways to protect people and companies. “Any company is only as good as the least trained person,” Josiah says.